Homoepitaxial SiC growth by molecular beam epitaxy

R. S. Kern, K. Järrendahl, S. Tanaka, R. F. Davis

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18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The homoepitaxial growth of SiC thin films by solid-and gas-source molecular beam epitaxy is reviewed and discussed. Our recent results regarding the homoepitaxial growth of single crystal 3C-SiC(111) and 6H-SiC(0001) thin films are also presented. The 3C-SiC(111) films were grown on both vicinal and on-axis 6H-SiC(0001) substrates at temperatures between 1000 and 1500 °C using SiH4 and C2H4. They contained double positioning boundaries and stacking faults and the surface morphology and growth rate depended strongly on temperature. Films of GH-SiC(0001) with low defect densities were deposited at high growth rates on vicinal 6H-SiC(0001) substrates by adding H2 to the reactant mixture at temperatures between 1350 and 1500 °C. At temperatures below 1350 °C. only the cubic phase was formed. A kinetic analysis of the SiC deposition process is also presented. The SiC films were resistive with an n-type character and a lower N concentration than the p-type CVD-grown epilayers of the substrate. Undoped 6H-SiC films with the lowest atomic nitrogen and electron concentration had a mobility of 434 cm2 V-1 s-1, the highest room temperature value ever reported for this polytype. Both the 6H-SiC(0001) and the 3C-SiC(111) epilayers were controllably doped using a NH3/H2 mixture (for lighly n-doped films), pure N2 (for heavily n-doped SiC epilayers) and Al evaporated from a standard effusion cell (for p-type doping).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)379-404
Number of pages26
JournalPhysica Status Solidi (B) Basic Research
Volume202
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1997
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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