Organic amorphous films fabricated by vacuum deposition have been widely used in organic light-emitting devices, making use of their high-performance optical and electrical characteristics and taking advantage of the easy fabrication of pinhole-free thin smooth layers of a desired thickness. However, random orientation in amorphous films often makes it difficult to utilize their best optical and electrical potential. Here the authors demonstrate that the linear-shaped molecules of fluorescent styrylbenzene derivatives are horizontally oriented in organic amorphous films fabricated by conventional vacuum deposition even when the molecules are doped in an isotropic host matrix film. The longer the molecular length is, the larger the anisotropy of the molecular orientation becomes. The weak interaction between adjacent molecules and the linear-shaped molecular structure probably cause the horizontal orientation. The fact that the horizontal molecular orientation occurs on any underlying layers shows the high versatility of the horizontal orientation for various applications. Their findings will provide a new guideline for molecular designs that can be used to improve optical and electrical characteristics of organic optoelectronic devices, such as organic light-emitting diodes and organic laser devices.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Materials Chemistry
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering