Background: Due to anterior bone defects, high and/or posterior placement of an acetabular cup is often required to achieve sufficient coverage in patients with hip dysplasia. We examined whether posterior cup placement affected the postoperative range of motion (ROM) in primary total hip arthroplasty (THA). Methods: Using computer software, bone coverage and ROM were examined in 32 patients with unilateral osteoarthritis of the hip with Crowe type II or III hip dysplasia. We determined the cup position to satisfy cup center-edge (Cup-CE) angle ≥0° and the required ROM. The cup was placed at the anatomic hip center and moved in 2-mm increments anteroposteriorly and 10-mm increments vertically. Results: At vertical anatomic hip center, less than 68.8% hips fulfilled Cup-CE ≥0° regardless of anteroposterior position. Significantly more hips at higher hip center with posterior cup placement achieved Cup-CE ≥0° than hips at vertical anatomic hip center, and 10 mm higher hip center was the most suitable for achieving bone coverage. However, posterior and superior cup placement significantly decreased the flexion and IR due to early bone impingement, whereas ER and extension were not affected. A smoothing spline curve demonstrated that more posterior cup placement than 4.8 mm and 3.6 mm did not satisfy the required ROM at 10 mm and 20 mm higher hip center, respectively. Conclusions: Posterosuperior cup placement gained more bone coverage but decreased the range of hip flexion and internal rotation. Consequently, posterosuperior cup placement did not satisfy the required ROM.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine