How does the ionospheric rotational Hall current absorb the increasing energy from the field-aligned current system?

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Abstract

It has been well recognized that field-aligned current (FAC) systems lose their energy in the ionosphere through the Joule dissipation that is caused by their closure via the ionospheric Pedersen current, and that the ionospheric Hall current cannot contribute the total energy dissipation. However, it is also true that the rotational Hall current is excited by the incident FAC, and it radiates a Poynting vector that grows a poloidal-type magnetic field. Even if the Hall effect cannot do work on an external system, what does its contribution to the accumulation of poloidal magnetic energy really mean? In this paper, it is clarified that the divergent Hall current, excited during the transient phase of magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling, closes via the FAC and produces a Hall current generator, which pumps up the energy of the FAC system to increase the ionospheric rotational Hall current (together with its associated poloidal magnetic field).

Original languageEnglish
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume29
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2002

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Hall currents
field aligned currents
ionospherics
energy
ionosphere
Pedersen currents
magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling
magnetic field
energy dissipation
magnetic fields
closures
ionospheres
magnetosphere
Hall effect
dissipation
pump
generators
pumps

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "It has been well recognized that field-aligned current (FAC) systems lose their energy in the ionosphere through the Joule dissipation that is caused by their closure via the ionospheric Pedersen current, and that the ionospheric Hall current cannot contribute the total energy dissipation. However, it is also true that the rotational Hall current is excited by the incident FAC, and it radiates a Poynting vector that grows a poloidal-type magnetic field. Even if the Hall effect cannot do work on an external system, what does its contribution to the accumulation of poloidal magnetic energy really mean? In this paper, it is clarified that the divergent Hall current, excited during the transient phase of magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling, closes via the FAC and produces a Hall current generator, which pumps up the energy of the FAC system to increase the ionospheric rotational Hall current (together with its associated poloidal magnetic field).",
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N2 - It has been well recognized that field-aligned current (FAC) systems lose their energy in the ionosphere through the Joule dissipation that is caused by their closure via the ionospheric Pedersen current, and that the ionospheric Hall current cannot contribute the total energy dissipation. However, it is also true that the rotational Hall current is excited by the incident FAC, and it radiates a Poynting vector that grows a poloidal-type magnetic field. Even if the Hall effect cannot do work on an external system, what does its contribution to the accumulation of poloidal magnetic energy really mean? In this paper, it is clarified that the divergent Hall current, excited during the transient phase of magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling, closes via the FAC and produces a Hall current generator, which pumps up the energy of the FAC system to increase the ionospheric rotational Hall current (together with its associated poloidal magnetic field).

AB - It has been well recognized that field-aligned current (FAC) systems lose their energy in the ionosphere through the Joule dissipation that is caused by their closure via the ionospheric Pedersen current, and that the ionospheric Hall current cannot contribute the total energy dissipation. However, it is also true that the rotational Hall current is excited by the incident FAC, and it radiates a Poynting vector that grows a poloidal-type magnetic field. Even if the Hall effect cannot do work on an external system, what does its contribution to the accumulation of poloidal magnetic energy really mean? In this paper, it is clarified that the divergent Hall current, excited during the transient phase of magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling, closes via the FAC and produces a Hall current generator, which pumps up the energy of the FAC system to increase the ionospheric rotational Hall current (together with its associated poloidal magnetic field).

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