How to distinguish the Haldane/Large-D state and the intermediate-D state in an S = 2 quantum spin chain with the XXZ and on-site anisotropies

Kiyomi Okamoto, Takashi Tonegawa, Hiroki Nakano, Tôru Sakai, Kiyohide Nomura, Makoto Kaburagi

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We numerically investigate the ground-state phase diagram of an S = 2 quantum spin chain with the XXZ and on-site anisotropies described by H=Σj(SjxSj+1x +SjySj+1y + Δ S jz Sj+1z) + D Σ j(Sjz)2, where Δ denotes the XXZ anisotropy parameter of the nearest-neighbor interactions and D the on-site anisotropy parameter. We restrict ourselves to the Δ > 0 and D > 0 case for simplicity. Our main purpose is to obtain the definite conclusion whether there exists or not the intermediate-D (ID) phase, which was proposed by Oshikawa in 1992 and has been believed to be absent since the DMRG studies in the latter half of 1990's. In the phase diagram with Δ > 0 and D > 0 there appear the XY state, the Haldane state, the ID state, the large-D (LD) state and the Néel state. In the analysis of the numerical data it is important to distinguish three gapped states; the Haldane state, the ID state and the LD state. We give a physical and intuitive explanation for our level spectroscopy method how to distinguish these three phases.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012018
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Volume320
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011
EventInternational Conference on Frustration in Condensed Matter, ICFCM - Sendai, Japan
Duration: Jan 11 2011Jan 14 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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