HPLC determination of the distribution of d-amino acids and effects of ecdysis on alanine racemase activity in kuruma prawn Marsupenaeus japonicus

Naoko Yoshikawa, Waka Ashida, Kenji Hamase, Hiroki Abe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The distribution of d-amino acids was examined on several tissues of kuruma prawn Marsupenaeus japonicus. d-Alanine was found in all tissues, and the ratio of d-alanine to total alanine ranged from 18.7 to 43.7% depending on the tissues. Of these tissues, muscle, heart, and gill contained a relatively large amount of d-alanine. Nervous tissue and eye, on the other hand, contained a large amount of d-aspartate. d-Glutamate was specifically detected in testis. The percentage of d-glutamate to total glutamate was over 50% in testis, suggesting the existence of the biosynthetic enzyme in this tissue. The changes of alanine racemase activity were determined in the muscle and hepatopancreas of M. japonicus before and after molting. The activity after molting increased twice in the muscle. On the other hand, it was not changed in the hepatopancreas. These data suggest that d-alanine plays an important role in the muscle during ecdysis. However, the free d-alanine level in the muscle was not changed significantly before and after ecdysis. From these data, several d-amino acids are considered to be utilized in some essential physiological phenomena in the different tissues of the prawn.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3283-3288
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Chromatography B: Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Volume879
Issue number29
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2011

Fingerprint

Alanine Racemase
Molting
Alanine
High Pressure Liquid Chromatography
Tissue
Amino Acids
Muscle
Muscles
Hepatopancreas
Glutamic Acid
Testis
Physiological Phenomena
Nerve Tissue
Aspartic Acid
Myocardium
Enzymes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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title = "HPLC determination of the distribution of d-amino acids and effects of ecdysis on alanine racemase activity in kuruma prawn Marsupenaeus japonicus",
abstract = "The distribution of d-amino acids was examined on several tissues of kuruma prawn Marsupenaeus japonicus. d-Alanine was found in all tissues, and the ratio of d-alanine to total alanine ranged from 18.7 to 43.7{\%} depending on the tissues. Of these tissues, muscle, heart, and gill contained a relatively large amount of d-alanine. Nervous tissue and eye, on the other hand, contained a large amount of d-aspartate. d-Glutamate was specifically detected in testis. The percentage of d-glutamate to total glutamate was over 50{\%} in testis, suggesting the existence of the biosynthetic enzyme in this tissue. The changes of alanine racemase activity were determined in the muscle and hepatopancreas of M. japonicus before and after molting. The activity after molting increased twice in the muscle. On the other hand, it was not changed in the hepatopancreas. These data suggest that d-alanine plays an important role in the muscle during ecdysis. However, the free d-alanine level in the muscle was not changed significantly before and after ecdysis. From these data, several d-amino acids are considered to be utilized in some essential physiological phenomena in the different tissues of the prawn.",
author = "Naoko Yoshikawa and Waka Ashida and Kenji Hamase and Hiroki Abe",
year = "2011",
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T1 - HPLC determination of the distribution of d-amino acids and effects of ecdysis on alanine racemase activity in kuruma prawn Marsupenaeus japonicus

AU - Yoshikawa, Naoko

AU - Ashida, Waka

AU - Hamase, Kenji

AU - Abe, Hiroki

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N2 - The distribution of d-amino acids was examined on several tissues of kuruma prawn Marsupenaeus japonicus. d-Alanine was found in all tissues, and the ratio of d-alanine to total alanine ranged from 18.7 to 43.7% depending on the tissues. Of these tissues, muscle, heart, and gill contained a relatively large amount of d-alanine. Nervous tissue and eye, on the other hand, contained a large amount of d-aspartate. d-Glutamate was specifically detected in testis. The percentage of d-glutamate to total glutamate was over 50% in testis, suggesting the existence of the biosynthetic enzyme in this tissue. The changes of alanine racemase activity were determined in the muscle and hepatopancreas of M. japonicus before and after molting. The activity after molting increased twice in the muscle. On the other hand, it was not changed in the hepatopancreas. These data suggest that d-alanine plays an important role in the muscle during ecdysis. However, the free d-alanine level in the muscle was not changed significantly before and after ecdysis. From these data, several d-amino acids are considered to be utilized in some essential physiological phenomena in the different tissues of the prawn.

AB - The distribution of d-amino acids was examined on several tissues of kuruma prawn Marsupenaeus japonicus. d-Alanine was found in all tissues, and the ratio of d-alanine to total alanine ranged from 18.7 to 43.7% depending on the tissues. Of these tissues, muscle, heart, and gill contained a relatively large amount of d-alanine. Nervous tissue and eye, on the other hand, contained a large amount of d-aspartate. d-Glutamate was specifically detected in testis. The percentage of d-glutamate to total glutamate was over 50% in testis, suggesting the existence of the biosynthetic enzyme in this tissue. The changes of alanine racemase activity were determined in the muscle and hepatopancreas of M. japonicus before and after molting. The activity after molting increased twice in the muscle. On the other hand, it was not changed in the hepatopancreas. These data suggest that d-alanine plays an important role in the muscle during ecdysis. However, the free d-alanine level in the muscle was not changed significantly before and after ecdysis. From these data, several d-amino acids are considered to be utilized in some essential physiological phenomena in the different tissues of the prawn.

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