In the purpose of maximizing the utilization of noble metal Pt in oxygen reduction catalysts, we illustrate a synthesis method of preparing the low-platinum PtNi/C alloyed oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) catalyst, which is developed through the H2-induced treatment to a glucose reduced PtNi/C alloy. After post-treatment with H2/N2 mixture gases, this catalyst displays excellent ORR catalytic activity and durability for the synergetic influences of electronic and geometry effects on catalysts during the alloying. Specifically, the as-prepared PtNi/C (350°C-6 h) sample delivers preponderant ORR activity with only 53.5% Pt usage than the commercial Pt/C. The specific activity and mass activity are corresponding 7.49 times and 3.5 times to the commercial Pt/C. This catalyst exhibits excellent ORR catalytic activity after 10 000 potential cycles in acid, which benefits from the well alloyed core-shell structure of PtNi/C. H2-induced thermal treatment has significant effects on the development of high performance low-platinum PtNi/C alloy catalyst, and plays the significant role in the formation of well-alloyed core-shell structures. The lowered d-band center is believed to facilitate ORR catalysis through weakening the adsorption of intermediate oxygen species on the alloyed Pt surface. Therefore, PtNi/C(350°C-6 h) alloyed catalyst possesses outstanding ORR catalytic activity with much lower Pt loading.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Nuclear Energy and Engineering
- Fuel Technology
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology