Human exposure to bisphenol A

Jeong Hun Kang, Fusao Kondo, Yoshiki Katayama

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

486 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Bisphenol A (BPA), 2,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)propane, is made by combining acetone and phenol. It has estrogenic activity and is acutely toxic to aquatic organisms. BPA is used mainly as a material for the production of epoxy resins and polycarbonate plastics. Due to an increase in products based on epoxy resins and polycarbonate plastics, human exposure to BPA has increased. The environment (aquatic environment, air and soil) can be one source of human BPA exposure, but the primary route of human exposure is foods. The daily human intake of BPA is <1 μg/kg body weight/day on the basis of several studies, and whether these doses can have an adverse endocrine disruptive effect on humans, especially fetuses, needs to be studied carefully.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-89
Number of pages11
JournalToxicology
Volume226
Issue number2-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 21 2006

Fingerprint

Epoxy Resins
Aquatic organisms
Aquatic Organisms
Poisons
Acetone
Phenol
bisphenol A
Fetus
Soil
Air
Body Weight
Soils
Food
lexan

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Toxicology

Cite this

Human exposure to bisphenol A. / Kang, Jeong Hun; Kondo, Fusao; Katayama, Yoshiki.

In: Toxicology, Vol. 226, No. 2-3, 21.09.2006, p. 79-89.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Kang, Jeong Hun ; Kondo, Fusao ; Katayama, Yoshiki. / Human exposure to bisphenol A. In: Toxicology. 2006 ; Vol. 226, No. 2-3. pp. 79-89.
@article{c7dbaa34f65b451ca1e70db8b5b1f6d6,
title = "Human exposure to bisphenol A",
abstract = "Bisphenol A (BPA), 2,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)propane, is made by combining acetone and phenol. It has estrogenic activity and is acutely toxic to aquatic organisms. BPA is used mainly as a material for the production of epoxy resins and polycarbonate plastics. Due to an increase in products based on epoxy resins and polycarbonate plastics, human exposure to BPA has increased. The environment (aquatic environment, air and soil) can be one source of human BPA exposure, but the primary route of human exposure is foods. The daily human intake of BPA is <1 μg/kg body weight/day on the basis of several studies, and whether these doses can have an adverse endocrine disruptive effect on humans, especially fetuses, needs to be studied carefully.",
author = "Kang, {Jeong Hun} and Fusao Kondo and Yoshiki Katayama",
year = "2006",
month = "9",
day = "21",
doi = "10.1016/j.tox.2006.06.009",
language = "English",
volume = "226",
pages = "79--89",
journal = "Toxicology",
issn = "0300-483X",
publisher = "Elsevier Ireland Ltd",
number = "2-3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Human exposure to bisphenol A

AU - Kang, Jeong Hun

AU - Kondo, Fusao

AU - Katayama, Yoshiki

PY - 2006/9/21

Y1 - 2006/9/21

N2 - Bisphenol A (BPA), 2,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)propane, is made by combining acetone and phenol. It has estrogenic activity and is acutely toxic to aquatic organisms. BPA is used mainly as a material for the production of epoxy resins and polycarbonate plastics. Due to an increase in products based on epoxy resins and polycarbonate plastics, human exposure to BPA has increased. The environment (aquatic environment, air and soil) can be one source of human BPA exposure, but the primary route of human exposure is foods. The daily human intake of BPA is <1 μg/kg body weight/day on the basis of several studies, and whether these doses can have an adverse endocrine disruptive effect on humans, especially fetuses, needs to be studied carefully.

AB - Bisphenol A (BPA), 2,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)propane, is made by combining acetone and phenol. It has estrogenic activity and is acutely toxic to aquatic organisms. BPA is used mainly as a material for the production of epoxy resins and polycarbonate plastics. Due to an increase in products based on epoxy resins and polycarbonate plastics, human exposure to BPA has increased. The environment (aquatic environment, air and soil) can be one source of human BPA exposure, but the primary route of human exposure is foods. The daily human intake of BPA is <1 μg/kg body weight/day on the basis of several studies, and whether these doses can have an adverse endocrine disruptive effect on humans, especially fetuses, needs to be studied carefully.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33747819208&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33747819208&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.tox.2006.06.009

DO - 10.1016/j.tox.2006.06.009

M3 - Review article

C2 - 16860916

AN - SCOPUS:33747819208

VL - 226

SP - 79

EP - 89

JO - Toxicology

JF - Toxicology

SN - 0300-483X

IS - 2-3

ER -