Pituitary tumor transforming gene (PTTG) is a proto-oncogene cloned from rat GH4 cells. This gene was able to induce cell transformation in vitro and is also associated with p53-dependent and -independent apoptosis. In this study, we cloned human PTTG (hPTTG) from a pituitary tumor and then stably transfected the hPTTG into HeLa and A549 cells. An overexpression of hPTTG significantly inhibited cell growth, which was determined by the adherent cell growth properties, colony formation in soft agar and [3H] thymidine incorporation, respectively, in HeLa and A549 cells. The inhibitory effect on cell growth was associated with the activation of p21WAF1/CIP1 in A549 cells, but not in HeLa cells. The hPTTG overexpression increased both the p21WAF1/CIP1 mRNA and protein expression levels as determined by both Northern and Western blot analysis, respectively, in A549 cells. The increased expression of p21WAF1/CIP1 mRNA was regulated at the transcription level and was independent on p53 expression because the luciferase activity increased after the co-transfection of hPTTG and p21 WAF1/CIP1 promoter fragments with and without a p53 binding sequence. The subcellular distribution of hPTTG was dependent on cell type, and was predominantly in the nucleus in HeLa, Cos-7 and DU145 cells, but showed a diffuse distribution in both the nucleus and cytoplasm in A549, DLD-1 and NIH3T3 cells. These results indicate that an overexpression of hPTTG inhibits the cell growth due to different mechanisms, which are p21 WAF1/CIP1-dependent and -independent.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism