Matching of human platelet alloantigen (HPA) systems 2-6 was retrospectively investigated in 715 unrelated bone marrow transplantations. Of the five HPA systems studied, HPA-5 mismatching was found to have a significant effect on the disease-free survival rate of recipients following transplantation in the HLA-A, -B, -C, and -DR allele-matched donor-recipient pairs. The effect of the HPA-5 mismatch was most significant in the recipient group possessing the HLA haplotype A*2402-B*5201, which is a highly frequent haplotype among the Japanese population. However, the probability of development of acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) was not increased significantly by the HPA-5 mismatching. These findings suggest that the HPA-5 mismatching decreases the recipient's survival by a mechanism different from that in the case of mismatching of minor antigens found often in transplant recipients developing GVHD.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy