Anti-Leu-4 is a murine monoclonal antibody that defines a molecule of 20,000 to 25,000 daltons present on all mature T lymphocytes in man. When cultured in the presence of 10 to 1000 ng/ml anti-Leu-4, the T cells of most individuals proliferate with peak responses on the third day of culture. T cells of both helper and suppressor lineages proliferate, but only in the presence of monocytes. Approximately 40% of individuals tested responded weakly or not at all to anti-Leu-4, despite normal responses to other stimuli. The variation in responsiveness between individuals could not be explained by differences in Leu-4 antigen density on the surface of T cells, differences in the rate of Leu-4 antigen modulation, or structural differences in the Leu-4 molecule as defined by the method of two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. In the presence of monocytes from high responders, the T cells from low responders proliferated vigorously to anti-Leu-4, whereas monocytes from low responders failed to support proliferation by high responder T cells. On the other hand, low responder monocytes did not prevent T cells from proliferating in the presence of high responder monocytes. These results suggest that the failure of some individuals to respond to anti-Leu-4 is due to the absence or dysfunction of an essential monocyte population.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 1 1983|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy