Hydrogen, as an alloying element, enables a greater strength-ductility balance in an Fe-Cr-Ni-based, stable austenitic stainless steel

Yuhei Ogawa, Hyuga Hosoi, Kaneaki Tsuzaki, Timothée Redarce, Osamu Takakuwa, Hisao Matsunaga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

After pre-charging at the gaseous phase with a concentration of ~7,000 at. ppm, solute hydrogen was discovered to have an abnormal effect on both the strength and ductility enhancement of a commercially-available, Fe-24Cr-19Ni-based, stable austenitic stainless steel that had been subjected to tensile testing at various strain-rates. Specifically, the impact of hydrogen on material strength was accompanied by amplified yield and flow stresses, as well as tensile strength, while the improvement in ductility featured extended uniform elongation and strain-to-fracture, both of which became more pronounced as hydrogen concentration intensified. The product between tensile strength and uniform elongation served as indicators of the strength-ductility balance, at which hydrogen maximally optimized the indicator at the particular intermediate strain-rate. The yield/flow stress augmentations were interpreted in terms of solid-solution strengthening, whereas the enhanced ductility was primarily ascribed to the facilitation of mechanical twinning, whereby dynamic hydrogen-dislocation interaction exerted a critical influence as was indirectly revealed by supplemental stress-relaxation experiments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-192
Number of pages12
JournalActa Materialia
Volume199
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 15 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys

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