After pre-charging at the gaseous phase with a concentration of ~7,000 at. ppm, solute hydrogen was discovered to have an abnormal effect on both the strength and ductility enhancement of a commercially-available, Fe-24Cr-19Ni-based, stable austenitic stainless steel that had been subjected to tensile testing at various strain-rates. Specifically, the impact of hydrogen on material strength was accompanied by amplified yield and flow stresses, as well as tensile strength, while the improvement in ductility featured extended uniform elongation and strain-to-fracture, both of which became more pronounced as hydrogen concentration intensified. The product between tensile strength and uniform elongation served as indicators of the strength-ductility balance, at which hydrogen maximally optimized the indicator at the particular intermediate strain-rate. The yield/flow stress augmentations were interpreted in terms of solid-solution strengthening, whereas the enhanced ductility was primarily ascribed to the facilitation of mechanical twinning, whereby dynamic hydrogen-dislocation interaction exerted a critical influence as was indirectly revealed by supplemental stress-relaxation experiments.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Ceramics and Composites
- Polymers and Plastics
- Metals and Alloys