A simple but novel class of hydrogen bonding liquid crystalline benzoic acids with alkylthio (or alkylsulfanyl; SR) groups was established. In general, although it is difficult for laterally non-substituted rod-like molecules with an alkylthio group to form some mesophases, the present molecules exclusively form a nematic (N) regime, owing to spontaneous carboxylic dimerization. It was found that the number of carbons in the alkylthio groups strongly correlated with transition temperatures as well as nematogenic stability: odd-even effects. Even-members displayed wider monotropic and enantiotropic N phases, despite the fact that almost all odd-members showed either none or only monotropic-narrower ones. Interestingly, their thermal transition temperatures were lower compared to those for alkoxy (OR) analogues, on account of the small angle (or large bend) of the C-S-C bond as well as the low electron density on their aromatic ring due to the weak electron donor properties of alkylthio groups. Additionally, in-depth wide-angle X-ray diffraction measurements revealed that an alkylthio analogue exhibited significantly enhanced smectic clusters formed in the N regime (or Ncyb phase) as well as the cluster type close to smectic (Sm) A, in comparison with an alkoxy analogue exhibiting a clear SmC-type cluster. The results indicate that a robust S⋯S intermolecular interaction for an alkylthio group into a mesogen affects the kind of smectic cluster in the Ncyb phase.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Chemistry