The effective charge of protium and tritium in the α-phase of vanadium has been measured by means of a stationary state electromigration experiment in a temperature region from 323 to 523 K. The obtained results have shown a definite mass dependence such as Z*(T)>Z*(H) in a lower temperature region and a tendency that the effective charge of H and T approaches a same value in a higher temperature region. By comparing this result with the data for protium and deuterium previously reported by other investigators, we have concluded a mass dependence according to the sequence Z*(T)>Z*(D)>Z*(H) in a lower temperature region. The origins of this mass dependence has been discussed by decomposing the effective charge into the direct and wind charges. The trapping effect due to a small zirconium impurity in the investigated vanadium specimen on the electromigration of hydrogen isotopes has been also examined and the trapping model has been discussed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Metals and Alloys
- Materials Chemistry