Hydrogen peroxide stimulates tetrahydrobiopterin synthesis through the induction of GTP-cyclohydrolase I and increases nitric oxide synthase activity in vascular endothelial cells

Shunichi Shimizu, Kazuhiro Shiota, Shinichiro Yamamoto, Yoshiyuki Miyasaka, Masakazu Ishii, Tatsuya Watabe, Motohiro Nishida, Yasuo Mori, Toshinori Yamamoto, Yuji Kiuchi

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Tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4), which is an essential cofactor for nitric oxide synthase (NOS), is generally accepted as an important molecular target for oxidative stress. This study examined whether hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), one of the reactive oxygen species (ROS), affects the BH4 level in vascular endothelial cells (ECs). Interestingly, the addition of H2O2 to ECs markedly increased the BH4 level, but not its oxidized forms. The H2O2-induced increase in the BH4 level was blocked by the inhibitor of GTP-cyclohydrolase I (GTPCH), which is the rate-limiting enzyme of BH4 synthesis. Moreover, H2O2 induced the expression of GTPCH mRNA, and the inhibitors of protein synthesis blocked the H2O2-induced increase in the BH4 level. The expression of the inducible isoform of NOS (iNOS) was slightly induced by the treatment with H2O2. Additionally, the L-citrulline formation from L-arginine, which is the marker for NO synthesis, was stimulated by the treatment with H2O2, and the H2O2-induced L-citrulline formation was strongly attenuated by NOS or GTPCH inhibitor. These results suggest that H2O2 induces BH4 synthesis via the induction of GTPCH, and the increased BH4 is coupled with NO production by coinduced iNOS. H2O2 appears to be one of the important signaling molecules to regulate the BH4-NOS system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1343-1352
Number of pages10
JournalFree Radical Biology and Medicine
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - May 15 2003
Externally publishedYes


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology (medical)

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