Hydrophilic and hydrophobic double microporous layer coated gas diffusion layer for enhancing performance of polymer electrolyte fuel cells under no-humidification at the cathode

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Abstract

Gas diffusion layers (GDLs) coated with a hydrophobic microporous layer (MPL) have been commonly used to improve the water management properties of polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs). In the present study, a new hydrophilic and hydrophobic double MPL coated GDL was developed to achieve further enhancement of PEFC performance under no-humidification at the cathode. The hydrophobic MPL, which consists of carbon black and polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), was coated on the carbon paper substrate. The hydrophilic layer, which consists of carbon black and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), was also coated on the hydrophobic MPL. The hydrophilic layer is effective for conserving humidity at the catalyst layer, while the hydrophobic intermediate layer between the hydrophilic layer and the substrate prevents the removal of water in the hydrophilic layer via dry air in the substrate. Both decrease in the hydrophilic layer thickness to 5 μm and appropriate enhancement of hydrophilicity by increasing the PVA content to 5 mass% are effective for enhancing PEFC performance. Reducing the maximum pore diameter of hydrophobic intermediate layer to 20 μm is also effective for enhancing PEFC performance. However, when the pore diameter of the hydrophobic layer becomes too small, concentration overpotential tends to increase, thereby lowering PEFC performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-36
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume199
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2012

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gaseous diffusion
Diffusion in gases
Electrolytes
fuel cells
Fuel cells
Polymers
Cathodes
cathodes
electrolytes
polymers
Soot
Polyvinyl Alcohol
Polyvinyl alcohols
Carbon black
Substrates
Water management
Hydrophilicity
Polytetrafluoroethylene
Polytetrafluoroethylenes
Atmospheric humidity

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Hydrophilic and hydrophobic double microporous layer coated gas diffusion layer for enhancing performance of polymer electrolyte fuel cells under no-humidification at the cathode",
abstract = "Gas diffusion layers (GDLs) coated with a hydrophobic microporous layer (MPL) have been commonly used to improve the water management properties of polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs). In the present study, a new hydrophilic and hydrophobic double MPL coated GDL was developed to achieve further enhancement of PEFC performance under no-humidification at the cathode. The hydrophobic MPL, which consists of carbon black and polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), was coated on the carbon paper substrate. The hydrophilic layer, which consists of carbon black and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), was also coated on the hydrophobic MPL. The hydrophilic layer is effective for conserving humidity at the catalyst layer, while the hydrophobic intermediate layer between the hydrophilic layer and the substrate prevents the removal of water in the hydrophilic layer via dry air in the substrate. Both decrease in the hydrophilic layer thickness to 5 μm and appropriate enhancement of hydrophilicity by increasing the PVA content to 5 mass{\%} are effective for enhancing PEFC performance. Reducing the maximum pore diameter of hydrophobic intermediate layer to 20 μm is also effective for enhancing PEFC performance. However, when the pore diameter of the hydrophobic layer becomes too small, concentration overpotential tends to increase, thereby lowering PEFC performance.",
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AU - Kitahara, Tatsumi

AU - Nakajima, Hironori

AU - Mori, Kyohei

PY - 2012/2/1

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N2 - Gas diffusion layers (GDLs) coated with a hydrophobic microporous layer (MPL) have been commonly used to improve the water management properties of polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs). In the present study, a new hydrophilic and hydrophobic double MPL coated GDL was developed to achieve further enhancement of PEFC performance under no-humidification at the cathode. The hydrophobic MPL, which consists of carbon black and polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), was coated on the carbon paper substrate. The hydrophilic layer, which consists of carbon black and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), was also coated on the hydrophobic MPL. The hydrophilic layer is effective for conserving humidity at the catalyst layer, while the hydrophobic intermediate layer between the hydrophilic layer and the substrate prevents the removal of water in the hydrophilic layer via dry air in the substrate. Both decrease in the hydrophilic layer thickness to 5 μm and appropriate enhancement of hydrophilicity by increasing the PVA content to 5 mass% are effective for enhancing PEFC performance. Reducing the maximum pore diameter of hydrophobic intermediate layer to 20 μm is also effective for enhancing PEFC performance. However, when the pore diameter of the hydrophobic layer becomes too small, concentration overpotential tends to increase, thereby lowering PEFC performance.

AB - Gas diffusion layers (GDLs) coated with a hydrophobic microporous layer (MPL) have been commonly used to improve the water management properties of polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs). In the present study, a new hydrophilic and hydrophobic double MPL coated GDL was developed to achieve further enhancement of PEFC performance under no-humidification at the cathode. The hydrophobic MPL, which consists of carbon black and polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE), was coated on the carbon paper substrate. The hydrophilic layer, which consists of carbon black and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), was also coated on the hydrophobic MPL. The hydrophilic layer is effective for conserving humidity at the catalyst layer, while the hydrophobic intermediate layer between the hydrophilic layer and the substrate prevents the removal of water in the hydrophilic layer via dry air in the substrate. Both decrease in the hydrophilic layer thickness to 5 μm and appropriate enhancement of hydrophilicity by increasing the PVA content to 5 mass% are effective for enhancing PEFC performance. Reducing the maximum pore diameter of hydrophobic intermediate layer to 20 μm is also effective for enhancing PEFC performance. However, when the pore diameter of the hydrophobic layer becomes too small, concentration overpotential tends to increase, thereby lowering PEFC performance.

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