Hydrophilic and hydrophobic double MPL coated gas diffusion layer to prevent drying-up and flooding of polymer electrolyte fuel cells

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Gas diffusion layers (GDLs) coated with a hydrophobic microporous layer (MPL) have been commonly used to improve water management properties of polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs). In the present study, a novel hydrophilic and hydrophobic double MPL coated GDL was developed to achieve further enhancement of the PEFC performance under both low and high humidity conditions. Under low humidity conditions, a thin hydrophilic layer using titanium dioxide coated on the hydrophobic MPL is effective to conserve the humidity of the membrane electrode assembly (MEA), while a hydrophobic intermediate MPL between the hydrophilic layer and the carbon paper substrate prevents removal of water in the hydrophilic layer. This results in a significant enhancement of the ability of the MPL to prevent drying-up of the MEA. Under high humidity conditions, the double MPL coated GDL with appropriate pore diameter, thickness, and hydrophilic and hydrophobic properties is also effective to reduce flooding on the cathode catalyst layer, resulting in the higher PEFC performance compared with that for a hydrophobic MPL coated GDL.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1849-1859
Number of pages11
JournalNihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B
Volume78
Issue number794
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 19 2012

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gaseous diffusion
Diffusion in gases
drying
fuel cells
Fuel cells
Atmospheric humidity
Drying
Electrolytes
electrolytes
polymers
Polymers
Membranes
Electrodes
Water management
Titanium dioxide
humidity
Cathodes
Catalysts
Carbon
Substrates

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Hydrophilic and hydrophobic double MPL coated gas diffusion layer to prevent drying-up and flooding of polymer electrolyte fuel cells",
abstract = "Gas diffusion layers (GDLs) coated with a hydrophobic microporous layer (MPL) have been commonly used to improve water management properties of polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs). In the present study, a novel hydrophilic and hydrophobic double MPL coated GDL was developed to achieve further enhancement of the PEFC performance under both low and high humidity conditions. Under low humidity conditions, a thin hydrophilic layer using titanium dioxide coated on the hydrophobic MPL is effective to conserve the humidity of the membrane electrode assembly (MEA), while a hydrophobic intermediate MPL between the hydrophilic layer and the carbon paper substrate prevents removal of water in the hydrophilic layer. This results in a significant enhancement of the ability of the MPL to prevent drying-up of the MEA. Under high humidity conditions, the double MPL coated GDL with appropriate pore diameter, thickness, and hydrophilic and hydrophobic properties is also effective to reduce flooding on the cathode catalyst layer, resulting in the higher PEFC performance compared with that for a hydrophobic MPL coated GDL.",
author = "Tatsumi Kitahara and Hironon Nakajima and Masaoki Inamoto",
year = "2012",
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T1 - Hydrophilic and hydrophobic double MPL coated gas diffusion layer to prevent drying-up and flooding of polymer electrolyte fuel cells

AU - Kitahara, Tatsumi

AU - Nakajima, Hironon

AU - Inamoto, Masaoki

PY - 2012/11/19

Y1 - 2012/11/19

N2 - Gas diffusion layers (GDLs) coated with a hydrophobic microporous layer (MPL) have been commonly used to improve water management properties of polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs). In the present study, a novel hydrophilic and hydrophobic double MPL coated GDL was developed to achieve further enhancement of the PEFC performance under both low and high humidity conditions. Under low humidity conditions, a thin hydrophilic layer using titanium dioxide coated on the hydrophobic MPL is effective to conserve the humidity of the membrane electrode assembly (MEA), while a hydrophobic intermediate MPL between the hydrophilic layer and the carbon paper substrate prevents removal of water in the hydrophilic layer. This results in a significant enhancement of the ability of the MPL to prevent drying-up of the MEA. Under high humidity conditions, the double MPL coated GDL with appropriate pore diameter, thickness, and hydrophilic and hydrophobic properties is also effective to reduce flooding on the cathode catalyst layer, resulting in the higher PEFC performance compared with that for a hydrophobic MPL coated GDL.

AB - Gas diffusion layers (GDLs) coated with a hydrophobic microporous layer (MPL) have been commonly used to improve water management properties of polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs). In the present study, a novel hydrophilic and hydrophobic double MPL coated GDL was developed to achieve further enhancement of the PEFC performance under both low and high humidity conditions. Under low humidity conditions, a thin hydrophilic layer using titanium dioxide coated on the hydrophobic MPL is effective to conserve the humidity of the membrane electrode assembly (MEA), while a hydrophobic intermediate MPL between the hydrophilic layer and the carbon paper substrate prevents removal of water in the hydrophilic layer. This results in a significant enhancement of the ability of the MPL to prevent drying-up of the MEA. Under high humidity conditions, the double MPL coated GDL with appropriate pore diameter, thickness, and hydrophilic and hydrophobic properties is also effective to reduce flooding on the cathode catalyst layer, resulting in the higher PEFC performance compared with that for a hydrophobic MPL coated GDL.

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