The alkylation reactions of a hydrophobic vitamin B12 derivative with alkyl bromides in an 'octopus' azaparacyclophane having eight hydrocarbon chains have been investigated. Molecular discrimination has been shown to originate from electrostatic interaction between the octopus cyclophane and the alkyl bromides. Alkylation was enhanced by desolvation and proximity effects operating on the reacting species via formation of a ternary complex composed of the octopus cyclophane, the hydrophobic vitamin B12 derivative, and an alkyl halide. Carbon-skeleton rearrangement reactions of alkyl ligands bound to the hydrophobic vitamin B12 were found to be markedly favoured in the hydrophobic cavity provided by the octopus cyclophane, relative to the reactions in methanol and benzene, under anaerobic photolysis conditions at ordinary temperatures. The same reactions took place readily in solid benzene below 4 °C under similar conditions. The central cobalt atom of the hydrophobic vitamin B12 participates in the rearrangement reaction via formation of a tight pair with an alkyl radical species. Nonenzymic rearrangement reactions have been shown here to proceed quite efficiently by employing a relevant apoenzyme model.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of the Chemical Society, Perkin Transactions 2|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 1988|
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