A novel method for preparing fine magnetite nanoparticles without using any additives and organic solvents has been developed. In this method, a sequential precipitates formation method, ferrous and ferric hydroxides are not coprecipitated but sequentially formed in an alkaline solution, and then the resulting suspension is subjected to a hydrothermal treatment. The obtained magnetite nanoparticles were characterised through scanning electron microscopy observation and X-ray diffraction analysis, and the particle size and magnetic properties were measured with a dynamic light scattering particle size analyser and a superconducting quantum interference device magnetometer, respectively. In order to prepare fine magnetite nanoparticles with a uniform size, both the formation sequence of ferrous and ferric hydroxide precipitates and the supersaturation of ferric hydroxide in the solution were essential. The ferromagnetic magnetite nanoparticles with a median size 8.5 nm were relatively easily obtained in the formation process in which a ferric sulphate solution was rapidly poured into a suspension of ferrous hydroxide particles prepared beforehand using ferric chloride and sodium hydroxide, whereas the median size of magnetite nanoparticles prepared via conventional coprecipitation route was 38.6 nm.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering
- Materials Science(all)