Hyperferritinemia and acute kidney injury in pediatric patients receiving allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation

Mari Kurokawa, Kei Nishiyama, Yuhki Koga, Katsuhide Eguchi, Takashi Imai, Utako Oba, Akira Shiraishi, Hazumu Nagata, Noriyuki Kaku, Masataka Ishimura, Satoshi Honjo, Shouichi Ohga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Acute kidney injury (AKI) often occurs in pediatric patients who received allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). We evaluated the risk and effect of HCT-related AKI in pediatric patients. Methods: We retrospectively studied the survival and renal outcome of 69 children 100 days and 1-year posttransplant in our institution in 2004–2016. Stage-3 AKI developed in 34 patients (49%) until 100 days posttransplant. Results: The 100-day overall survival (OS) rates of patients with stage-3 AKI were lower than those without it (76.5% vs. 94.3%, P = 0.035). The 1-year OS rates did not differ markedly between 21 post-100-day survivors with stage-3 AKI and 29 without it (80.8% vs. 87.9%, P = 0.444). The causes of 19 deaths included the relapse of underlying disease or graft failure (n = 11), treatment-related events (4), and second HCT-related events (4). Underlying disease of malignancy (crude hazard ratio (HR) 5.7; 95% confidence interval (CI), 2.20 to 14.96), > 1000 ng/mL ferritinemia (crude HR 4.29; 95% CI, 2.11 to 8.71), stem cell source of peripheral (crude HR 2.96; 95% CI, 1.22 to 7.20) or cord blood (crude HR 2.29; 95% CI, 1.03 to 5.06), and myeloablative regimen (crude HR 2.56; 95% CI, 1.24 to 5.26), were identified as risk factors for stage-3 AKI until 100 days posttransplant. Hyperferritinemia alone was significant (adjusted HR 5.52; 95% CI, 2.21 to 13.76) on multivariable analyses. Conclusions: Hyperferritinemia was associated with stage-3 AKI and early mortality posttransplant. Pretransplant iron control may protect the kidney of pediatric HCT survivors.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPediatric Nephrology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Nephrology

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