Identification and distribution of three gonadotropin-releasing hormone (gnrh) isoforms in the brain of a clupeiform fish, engraulis japonicus

Zahid Parvez Sukhan, Hajime Kitano, Sethu Selvaraj, Michio Yoneda, Akihiko Yamaguchi, Michiya Matsuyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To gain a better understanding of the reproductive endocrinology of a primitive order clupeiform fish (Japanese anchovy, Engraulis japonicus), cDNAs encoding three gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) isoforms were isolated from the brain, and their distribution was analyzed using insitu hybridization (ISH). The three GnRH isoforms include GnRH1 (herring GnRH), GnRH2 (chicken GnRH-ll) and GnRH3 (salmon GnRH), and their full-length cDNAs encode 88, 86, and 89 deduced amino acids (aa), respectively. Alignment analysis of Japanese anchovy GnRH isoforms showed lower identities with other teleost fish. The major population of GnRH1 neurons was localized in the ventral telencephalon (VT) and nucleus preopticus (NPO) of the preoptic area (POA) with minor population in the anterior olfactory bulb (OB). GnRH2 neurons were restricted to the midbrain tegmentum (MT), specific to the nucleus of the medial longitudinal fasciculus (nMLF). GnRH3 neurons were localized in the olfactory nerve (ON), ventral OB, and transitional area between OB and ON. Interestingly, GnRH1 neurons were also localized in the olfactory bulb, in addition to its major population in the preoptic area. These results indicate the differential distribution of three GnRH isoforms expressed in the brain of the Japanese anchovy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1081-1091
Number of pages11
JournalZoological science
Volume30
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Animal Science and Zoology

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