Identification of a novel protein MICS1 that is involved in maintenance of mitochondrial morphology and apoptotic release of cytochrome c

Toshihiko Oka, Tomoko Sayano, Shoko Tamai, Sadaki Yokota, Hiroki Kato, Gen Fujii, Katsuyoshi Mihara

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Abstract

Mitochondrial morphology dynamically changes in a balance of membrane fusion and fission in response to the environment, cell cycle, and apoptotic stimuli. Here, we report that a novel mitochondrial protein, MICS1, is involved in mitochondrial morphology in specific cristae structures and the apoptotic release of cytochrome c from the mitochondria. MICS1 is an inner membrane protein with a cleavable presequence and multiple transmembrane segments and belongs to the Bi-1 super family. MICS1 down-regulation causes mitochondrial fragmentation and cristae disorganization and stimulates the release of proapoptotic proteins. Expression of the anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-XL does not prevent morphological changes of mitochondria caused by MICS1 down-regulation, indicating that MICS1 plays a role in maintaining mitochondrial morphology separately from the function in apoptotic pathways. MICS1 overproduction induces mitochondrial aggregation and partially inhibits cytochrome c release during apoptosis, regardless of the occurrence of Bax targeting. MICS1 is cross-linked to cytochrome c without disrupting membrane integrity. Thus, MICS1 facilitates the tight association of cytochrome c with the inner membrane. Furthermore, under low-serum condition, the delay in apoptotic release of cytochrome c correlates with MICS1 up-regulation without significant changes in mitochondrial morphology, suggesting that MICS1 individually functions in mitochondrial morphology and cytochrome c release.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2597-2608
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular biology of the cell
Volume19
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2008

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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