Identification of anther length QTL and construction of chromosome segment substitution lines of oryza longistaminata

Takayuki Ogami, Hideshi Yasui, Atsushi Yoshimura, Yoshiyuki Yamagata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Life histories and breeding systems strongly affect the genetic diversity of seed plants, but the genetic architectures that promote outcrossing in Oryza longistaminata, a perennial wild species in Africa, are not understood. We conducted a genetic analysis of the anther length of O. longistaminata accession W1508 using advanced backcross quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis and chromosomal segment substitution lines (CSSLs) in the genetic background of O. sativa Taichung 65 (T65), with simple sequence repeat markers. QTL analysis of the BC3F1 population (n = 100) revealed that four main QTL regions on chromosomes 3, 5, and 6 were associated to anther length. We selected a minimum set of BC3F2 plants for the development of CSSLs to cover as much of the W1508 genome as possible. The additional minor QTLs were suggested in the regional QTL analysis, using 21 to 24 plants in each of the selected BC3F2 population. The main QTLs found on chromosomes 3, 5, and 6 were validated and designated qATL3, qATL5, qATL6.1, and qATL6.2, as novel QTLs identified in O. longistaminata in the mapping populations of 94, 88, 70, and 95 BC3F4 plants. qATL3, qATL5, and qATL6.1 likely contributed to anther length by cell elongation, whereas qATL6.2 likely contributed by cell multiplication. The QTLs were confirmed again in an evaluation of the W1508ILs. In several chromosome segment substitution lines without the four validated QTLs, the anthers were also longer than those of T65, suggesting that other QTLs also increase anther length in W1508. The cloning and diversity analyses of genes conferring anther length QTLs promotes utilization of the genetic resources of wild species, and the understanding of haplotype evolution on the differentiation of annuality and perenniality in the genus Oryza.

Original languageEnglish
Article number388
JournalPlants
Volume8
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2019

Fingerprint

Oryza longistaminata
substitution lines
anthers
chromosome
quantitative trait loci
substitution
chromosomes
outcrossing
genetic resource
genetic analysis
reproductive strategy
life history
genome
seed
gene
analysis
plant genetics
Oryza
Spermatophytina
genetic resources

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology
  • Plant Science

Cite this

Identification of anther length QTL and construction of chromosome segment substitution lines of oryza longistaminata. / Ogami, Takayuki; Yasui, Hideshi; Yoshimura, Atsushi; Yamagata, Yoshiyuki.

In: Plants, Vol. 8, No. 10, 388, 10.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Life histories and breeding systems strongly affect the genetic diversity of seed plants, but the genetic architectures that promote outcrossing in Oryza longistaminata, a perennial wild species in Africa, are not understood. We conducted a genetic analysis of the anther length of O. longistaminata accession W1508 using advanced backcross quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis and chromosomal segment substitution lines (CSSLs) in the genetic background of O. sativa Taichung 65 (T65), with simple sequence repeat markers. QTL analysis of the BC3F1 population (n = 100) revealed that four main QTL regions on chromosomes 3, 5, and 6 were associated to anther length. We selected a minimum set of BC3F2 plants for the development of CSSLs to cover as much of the W1508 genome as possible. The additional minor QTLs were suggested in the regional QTL analysis, using 21 to 24 plants in each of the selected BC3F2 population. The main QTLs found on chromosomes 3, 5, and 6 were validated and designated qATL3, qATL5, qATL6.1, and qATL6.2, as novel QTLs identified in O. longistaminata in the mapping populations of 94, 88, 70, and 95 BC3F4 plants. qATL3, qATL5, and qATL6.1 likely contributed to anther length by cell elongation, whereas qATL6.2 likely contributed by cell multiplication. The QTLs were confirmed again in an evaluation of the W1508ILs. In several chromosome segment substitution lines without the four validated QTLs, the anthers were also longer than those of T65, suggesting that other QTLs also increase anther length in W1508. The cloning and diversity analyses of genes conferring anther length QTLs promotes utilization of the genetic resources of wild species, and the understanding of haplotype evolution on the differentiation of annuality and perenniality in the genus Oryza.",
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