Identification of leptocephalus larvae of the tiger moray Scuticaria tigrina (Anguilliformes; Muraenidae) based on morphometric and genetic evidence

Atsushi Tawa, Midori Kobayakawa, Taku Yoshimura, Noritaka Mochioka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Leptocephali collected from the south of Japan and assigned to the muraenid subfamily Uropterygiinae were identified as Scuticaria tigrina on the basis of morphometric and genetic evidence. Significant meristic counts included: total myomeres (TM) 166-172, last vertical blood vessel myomeres 121-126, preanal myomeres 139-145 and predorsal myomeres 157-158. Melanophores were apparent on the posteroventral surface of the brain and about the first myomere on the upper opercular region, along the ventral midline from the gallbladder to the anus, the ventral aspect of the spinal cord and the ventral midline from the anus to the origin of the anal fin, and on both dorsal and anal fin bases. The leptocephalus of S. tigrina could be easily distinguished from previously reported uropterygiine leptocephali because of the high myomere numbers (>160 TM), the unusually long gut and the pigmentation patterns.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)378-383
Number of pages6
JournalIchthyological Research
Volume59
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2012

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Scuticaria tigrina
Anguilliformes
Muraenidae
meristics
anus
Panthera tigris
fins
brain
vessel
blood
larva
gall bladder
blood vessels
spinal cord
pigmentation
digestive system
Japan
leptocephalus larvae

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Cite this

Identification of leptocephalus larvae of the tiger moray Scuticaria tigrina (Anguilliformes; Muraenidae) based on morphometric and genetic evidence. / Tawa, Atsushi; Kobayakawa, Midori; Yoshimura, Taku; Mochioka, Noritaka.

In: Ichthyological Research, Vol. 59, No. 4, 01.11.2012, p. 378-383.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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