Electron energy loss spectroscopy and first-principles calculations were used to analyze the native defects and Pr dopant around grain boundaries in Pr-doped and undoped ZnO bicrystals. It was observed that the Pr-doped bicrystal exhibited a nonlinear current-voltage characteristic, whereas the undoped bicrystal shows an ohmic characteristic. Pr was found to be present within 8 nm around the grain boundary in the Pr-doped bicrystal. The results show that the EELS investigation of native defects combined with first-principles calculations indicate the presence of zinc vacancies in the vicinity of the Pr-doped grain boundary.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)