We have generated a number of EBV-transformed B cell lines producing human mAb against human T cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) from the peripheral blood B lymphocytes obtained from patients with HTLV-1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis. Various synthetic peptides corresponding to antigenic regions of HTLV-1 gag and env proteins were used for the screening of antibodies in ELISA. In our study, four IgG mAb to the gag p19 amino acids 100 to 130, and 5 IgG mAb to the env p46 amino acids 175 to 199 were characterized. An immunofluorescence assay showed that all of these mAb specifically bound to the surface of HTLV-1-bearing cell lines. Among these mAb, one anti-gp46 mAb, designated KE36-11, neutralized the infectivity of HTLV-1 as determined by both the inhibition of HTLV-1-induced syncytium formation and transformation assays in vitro. An antibody-binding assay using overlapping oligopeptides revealed that KE36-11 recognized a new epitope locating between the gp46 amino acid sequence 187-193 (Ala-Pro-Pro- Leu-Leu-Pro-His). Another anti-gp46 mAb, designated KE36-7, showed antibody- dependent cellular cytotoxicity against HTLV-1-bearing cell line. KE36-7 bound strongly to the 10-mer peptide-gp46 187-196, and weakly to peptides containing the gp46 amino acid sequence 191-196 (Leu-Pro-His-Ser-Asn-Leu). These two epitopes, which are associated with HTLV-1 neutralization and antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity, are thus the first epitopes identified in human HTLV-1 infection. It is possible that passive immunization of humans with these two human mAb are effective on the protection of HTLV-1 infection in vivo.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - 1992|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy