Ribonuclease P (RNase P) is involved in the processing of the 5′ leader sequence of precursor tRNA (pretRNA). We have found that RNase P RNA (PhopRNA) and five proteins (PhoPop5, PhoRpp21, PhoRpp29, PhoRpp30, and PhoRpp38) reconstitute RNase P activity with enzymatic properties similar to those of the authentic ribozyme from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus horikoshii OT3. We report here that nucleotides A40, A41, and U44 at helix P4, and G269 and G270 located at L15/16 in PhopRNA, are, like the corresponding residues in Esherichia coli RNase P RNA (M1RNA), involved in hydrolysis by coordinating catalytic Mg2+ ions, and in the recognition of the acceptor end (CCA) of pre-tRNA by base-pairing, respectively. The information reported here strongly suggests that PhopRNA catalyzes the hydrolysis of pre-tRNA in approximately the same manner as eubacterial RNase P RNAs, even though it has no enzymatic activity in the absence of the proteins.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
- Molecular Biology
- Organic Chemistry