Identification of sites subjected to serine/threonine phosphorylation by SGK1 affecting N-myc downstream-regulated gene 1 (NDRG1)/Cap43-dependent suppression of angiogenic CXC chemokine expression in human pancreatic cancer cells

Yuichi Murakami, Fumihito Hosoi, Hiroto Izumi, Yuichiro Maruyama, Hiroki Ureshino, Kosuke Watari, Kimitoshi Kohno, Michihiko Kuwano, Mayumi Ono

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have recently reported that N-myc downstream-regulated gene 1 (NDRG1)/Ca2+-associated protein with a molecular mass of 43 kDa (Cap43) suppresses angiogenesis and tumor growth of pancreatic cancer through marked decreases in both the expression of CXC chemokines and phosphorylation of a NF-κB signaling molecule, inhibitor of κB kinase (IκBα). NDRG1/Cap43 is phosphorylated at serine/threonine sites in its C-terminal domain by serum- and glucocorticoid-regulated kinase 1 (SGK1). In this study, we attempted to clarify the domain or site of NDRG1/Cap43 responsible for its suppression of CXC chemokine expression in pancreatic cancer cells. Expression of the deletion constructs CapΔ2 [deletion of amino acids (AA) 130-142] and CapΔ4 [deletion of AA 180-294] as well as the wild-type full sequence of NDRG1/Cap43 (F-Cap), suppressed the production of CXC chemokines such as Groα/CXCL1 and ENA-78/CXCL5, whereas no or low suppression was observed in cell expressing the CapΔ5 mutant [deletion of AA 326-350] and CapΔ6 mutant [deletion of AA 326-394]. We further introduced mutations at the serine and threonine sites at 328 [T328A], 330 [S330A] and 346 [T346A], which are susceptible to phosphorylation by SGK1, and also constructed double mutants [T328A, S330A], [T328A, T346A] and [S330A, T346A]. Expression of all these mutants, with the exception of [S330A, T346A], suppressed the production of CXC chemokine to similar levels as their wild-type counterpart. IκBα was found to be specifically phosphorylated by this double mutant [S330A, T346A] and the CapΔ5 mutant at levels comparable to that induced in their wild-type counterpart. Phosphorylation of NDRG1/Cap43 at both serine330 and threonine346 is required for its suppressive action on the NF-κB signaling pathway and CXC chemokine expression in pancreatic cancer cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)376-381
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume396
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 28 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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