Purpose. The purpose of this study was to identify prognostic genes by integrated microarray analysis between comparative genomic hybridization and gene expression with laser microdissection in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods. Integrated microarray analysis in 11 lung adenocarcinomas was performed, and several genes were identified. Among them, neural precursor cell-expressed developmentally down-regulated 4-like (NEDD4L) was chosen for further characterization. Quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to explore the clinicopathological significance of NEDD4L expression in 84 NSCLC patients. Results. 18q was more frequently lost in advanced lung cancer. Therefore, we selected the NEDD4L gene, located on chromosome18q, for which reduced expression was significantly correlated with copy number loss. NEDD4L mRNA expression in paired tumor/normal samples from 79 cases of lung cancer was evaluated using real-time PCR analysis. NEDD4L mRNA expression was significantly lower in tumor tissues than in normal lung tissues (p\0.0001). Clinicopathological factors, such as excessive smoking history, histological grade (moderately and poorly), T stage (T2-4), lymph node metastasis, and pathological stage (stage II-IV), were significantly associated with low NEDD4L expression (p\0.05). In the low expression group, prognoses were significantly poorer than in the high expression group (p\0.05). Conclusions. Low NEDD4L expression may be a marker of prognosis. This is the first report to describe NEDD4L expression in NSCLC. NEDD4L may be considered a key gene in the progression of NSCLC, and its expression is likely affected by genomic alterations.
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