Introduction: Previously constructed Escherichia coli strains that produce 1-propanol use the native threonine pathway, or a heterologous citramalate pathway. However, based on the energy and cofactor requirements of each pathway, a combination of the two pathways produces synergistic effects that increase the theoretical maximum yield with a simultaneous unexplained increase in productivity. Objective: Identification of key factors that contribute to synergistic effect leading to 1-propanol yield and productivity improvement in E. coli with native threonine pathway and heterologous citramalate pathway. Method: A combination of snapshot metabolomic profiling and dynamic metabolic turnover analysis were used to identify system-wide perturbations that contribute to the productivity improvement. Result and Conclusion: In the presence of both pathways, increased glucose consumption and elevated levels of glycolytic intermediates are attributed to an elevated phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP)/pyruvate ratio that is known to increase the function of the native phosphotransferase. Turnover analysis of nitrogen containing byproducts reveals that ammonia assimilation, required for the threonine pathway, is streamlined when provided with an NAD(P)H surplus in the presence of the citramalate pathway. Our study illustrates the application of metabolomics in identification of factors that alter cellular physiology for improvement of 1-propanol bioproduction.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Clinical Biochemistry