A combined analysis of Ir-doped α-Fe2O3 (001) films, which show a drastic enhancement in the Morin transition temperature as a result of Ir doping, was performed by employing X-ray absorption near edge structure (XANES), extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS), and Mössbauer spectroscopy analyses at room temperature. The Mössbauer spectra reveal that the valency of Fe remains 3+ after Ir doping. The XANES spectra indicate that the valency of the Ir ion in Ir-doped α-Fe2O3 varies from 3+ to 4+. The EXAFS analysis results clarified that the Ir ions occupy the Fe-sites of α-Fe2O3. These findings help elucidate the mechanism for controlling the Morin transition temperature in α-Fe2O3 films toward antiferromagnetic spintronic applications.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)