We aimed to validate the diagnostic utility of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the detection of anti-neurofascin (NF) 155 antibody in 191 patients with chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP). Human NF155-based ELISA clearly distinguished between anti-NF155 antibody-positive and -negative sera. Fifteen CIDP patients (8%) were IgG4 anti-human NF155 antibody-positive, which were confirmed by western blot, cell-based assay and immunohistochemical study. None of disease controls or healthy subjects had positive results. Clinical presentation of IgG4 anti-NF155 antibody-positive patients was consistent with those in previous reports. This ELISA combined with determination of the IgG4 subclass is useful in screening for anti-NF155 antibodies.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy
- Clinical Neurology