低沸点低GWP作動流体を用いる相変化型電子冷却機器の親水性沸騰面による性能向上

Translated title of the contribution: Iimproving heat dissipation performance of a looped thermosyphon using volatile low-GWP working fluids with a super-hydrophilic boiling surface

近藤 智恵子, 梅本 翔平, 小山 繁, 水戸岡 豊

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

<p>With rapid development of electronic devices, their internal heat generation become significantly denser. Accordingly, the thermal management becomes increasingly important for their stable operation. For the heat dissipation performance improvement in limited installation spaces of integrated computer packages, passive two-phase cooling technique using water is being applied. Instead of water, using refrigerants as the working fluid is advantageous in many aspects. The large heat transport rate in refrigerant vapour allows compactness, while higher boiling heat transfer coefficient can extend the stable operation conditions with heavy loads of electronic devices. In this study, a gravity-driven cooling circuit so called looped thermosyphon using water, R134a, R1234ze(E), and R1234ze(Z) are experimentally investigated. The well-known hysteresis of boiling inception was confirmed but negligible with R134a, R1234ze(E) and R1234ze(Z). The experimental circuit successfully kept the heating block temperature simulating electronic devices below 80 °C at heat fluxes up to 1400, 1250, and 1110 kWm<sup>-2</sup> with R134a, R1234ze(E), and R1234ze(Z), respectively; meanwhile that is 750 kWm<sup>-2</sup> with water. Furthermore, by using a super-hydrophilic boiling surface, the heat flux was extended to 1600, 1400, and 1350 kWm<sup>-2</sup> in R134a, R1234ze(E), and R1234ze(Z). The experiment demonstrated that using the selected volatile working fluids, instead of water, and the super-hydrophilic surface can be a beneficial solution for electronic device cooling.</p>
Original languageJapanese
Pages (from-to)16-00474-16-00474
Journal日本機械学会論文集
Volume83
Issue number848
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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Thermosyphons
Heat losses
Boiling liquids
Fluids
Water
Refrigerants
Cooling
Heat flux
Networks (circuits)
Heat generation
Temperature control
Heat transfer coefficients
Hysteresis
Gravitation
Vapors
Heating
Experiments

Cite this

低沸点低GWP作動流体を用いる相変化型電子冷却機器の親水性沸騰面による性能向上. / 近藤智恵子; 梅本翔平; 小山繁; 水戸岡豊.

In: 日本機械学会論文集, Vol. 83, No. 848, 2017, p. 16-00474-16-00474.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

近藤智恵子 ; 梅本翔平 ; 小山繁 ; 水戸岡豊. / 低沸点低GWP作動流体を用いる相変化型電子冷却機器の親水性沸騰面による性能向上. In: 日本機械学会論文集. 2017 ; Vol. 83, No. 848. pp. 16-00474-16-00474.
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