Interleukin (IL)-6 has an important role in inflammatory diseases. Lysosomal enzymes cathepsins are widely expressed as cysteine proteases regulating inflammatory process. Caveolin-1 (Cav-1) is a scaffolding/regulatory membrane protein that interacts with signaling molecules. In this study, we investigated the role of Cav-1 on (1) the productivity, and (2) the enzymatic activity of cathepsin B and L in human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs) treated with IL-6 in the presence of soluble form of IL-6 receptor (sIL-6R). At first, we established the siRNA-mediated Cav-1 down-regulating in vitro systems by transient transfection of Cav-1 siRNA. The siRNA-mediated Cav-1 down-regulated cells were treated with IL-6/sIL-6R for indicated times. Then, cell lysates were collected, and examined the IL-6-induced signaling pathway, cathepsin B and L production, and measurement of cathepsins activity. To investigate the cathepsin L activity, cathepsin-(B + L) activity was measured after pretreatment with CA-074Me, a specific inhibitor for cathepsin B. We found that IL-6/sIL-6R enhanced significantly both production and activity of cathepsin B and L in HGFs. Interestingly, IL-6-mediated phosphorylation of both p44/42 MAPK and JNK was dramatically suppressed in Cav-1 down-regulated HGFs treated with IL-6/sIL-6R. In addition, both production and activity of cathepsin B and L were also significantly suppressed. Importantly, we demonstrated that JNK inhibition, but not p44/42 MAPK inhibition, significantly diminished IL-6/sIL-6R-induced cathepsin B and L production. Taken together, we concluded that IL-6/sIL-6R enhances cathepsin B and L production via IL-6/sIL-6R-mediated Cav-1-JNK-AP-1 pathway in HGFs. Our findings indicate that Cav-1 might be a therapeutic target for IL-6-mediated tissue degradation in periodontitis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Cell Biology