Because of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) accident, radioactive species were leaked out, including selenium isotopes (79Se). Developing a stable matrix that is suitable for longterm storage is necessary for the decommissioning process of the FDNPP. In the present work, the co-precipitation of SeO42− in cancrinite/sodalite as a potential stable matrix was investigated at various reaction times using a hydrothermal method. Over time, the SeO42− contents in the solid products gradually increased. The XRD patterns revealed that the reaction produced multi-phased precipitates, which were zeolite Na (P), sodalite, and cancrinite. As the SeO42− amount increased, the solid products were transformed to cancrinite. The calculated lattice parameter of sodalite and cancrinite showed an increase in lattice parameter a for sodalite and cancrinite, suggesting SeO42− incorporated into the sodalite/cancrinite structure. XRD, SEM, FTIR, 27Al-NMR, and 29Si-NMR results revealed the phase transformation of the solid products over time. Four stages of the co-precipitation mechanism are proposed, including the formation of zeolite P (Na), hydroxylation of zeolite P (Na), the formation of sodalite, and cancrinite reprecipitation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Ceramics and Composites
- Process Chemistry and Technology
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry