To develop tools for analysis of the acute phase response, we used suppression subtractive hybridization of cDNAs from the livers of trout in an unchallenged state and in the course of a response to injection with a Vibrio bacterin emulsified in Freund's Incomplete Adjuvant. The resulting cDNA library contains 300-600bp long fragments of 25 or more immune-relevant genes. Fifteen were previously unreported for salmonids, and 12 were not known from any fish species. Known acute phase proteins include serum amyloid A, transferrin and precerebellin-like protein; trout C-polysaccharide-binding protein 1 is probably also an acute phase protein. Components of both the complement system (n=5) and the clotting system (n=3), as well as lectins, various binding proteins, a putative antibacterial peptide, a chemotaxin, an anti-oxidant enzyme, as well as some likely cell-surface receptors and metabolic and lysosomal enzymes are represented in the library. One clone closely resembles a group of Toll-like receptors, including the human IL-1 receptor. Three cDNAs appear to represent complete open reading frames.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Developmental Biology