Localization of carboxyl proteinase (cathepsin D) and cysteine proteinases (cathepsins B, H, and L) in Golgi region was studied using an immunoenzyme technique. Rat livers and kidneys were used. The results obtained from the livers were similar to those from the kidneys. All cathepsins were detected in lysosomal compartments such as secondary lysosomes, multivesicular bodies (endosomes), and autophagosomes. Rough endoplasmic reticulum (rER), including nuclear envelope was focally stained. Most of Golgi cisternae were negative, but sometimes only one cisterna or the terminal portion of the cisterna were stained focally. Rarely, the trans Golgi network (TGN) was positive for the proteinases. Among numerous Golgi vesicles, only a few of them were stained. The positive vesicles were divided into two groups, one had a bristle coat and heavily stained, and other were smaller than 40 nm in diameter and weakly stained. The small vesicles seemed to bud from the ER and to fuse with the Golgi cisternae, while the large clathrin-coated vesicles seem to bud from the TGN. The results suggests that cathepsins are transported by vesicular system from the rER to lysosomes via Golgi apparatus. In addition, it is suggested that the small vesicles transport the proteinases from the ER to the Golgi cisternae and the large clathrin-coated vesicles from the Golgi cisternae to the lysosomes.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)