The NF1 (neurofibromatosis type 1, or von Recklinghausen disease) gene, is a tumor-suppressor gene, and its product, neurofibromin, down-regulates ras protein by its guanosine triphosphataseactivating protein (GAP)-related domain. Osteofibrous dysplasia (OFD) is characterized by fibroblast-like spindle cells and osseous tissue and is generally seen in the tibia or fibula during childhood. The precise nature of OFD remains controversial. Cosegregations of OFD and NF1 have been reported, and it has been surmised that OFD is associated with the NF1 gene. We studied the expressions of NF1 gene product (neurofibromin) and so-called Schwann cell markers (S-100 protein, Leu-7) in 17 cases of OFD immunohistochemically. Ten cases of fibrous dysplasia (FD) were also used for the purpose of comparison. Five OFD and 7 FD cases were analyzed for NF1 gene mutation at codon 1423, which is a GAP-related domain, by single-strand conformation polymorphism. Fibroblast-like cells of OFD showed the expression of neurofibromin (5 of 17), S-100 protein (9 of 17), and Leu-7 (5 of 17), and those of FD did not show these expressions, with the exception of 1 case that showed Leu-7 expression. Regarding the OFD cases, significant correspondence was found between cases showing expression of neurofibromin and S-100 protein, between cases showing expression of neurofibromin and Leu-7, and between cases showing expression of S-100 protein and Leu-7 (P < .01). NF1 gene mutation at codon 1423 was not detected in either the OFD (0 of 5) or FD (0 of 7) cases. These results seem to suggest the possible involvement of neurofibromin in the development of OFD, which is associated with the expression of Schwann cell markers (S-100 protein and Leu-7). Furthermore, NF1 gene mutation at codon 1423 did not seem to be related to OFD.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine