Immunohistochemical localization of cathepsins B, D and L in the rat osteoclast

T. Goto, T. Tsukuba, T. Kiyoshima, Y. Nishimura, K. Kato, K. Yamamoto, T. Tanaka

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Abstract

Immunohistochemical localization of cathepsins B, D and L in the osteoclasts of rat alveolar and femoral bones was investigated by using the avidin-biotin-peroxidase complex method for semithin, 1-μm-thick cryosections. Extracellular immunoreactivity for cathepsins B and L was clearly demonstrated along the bone resorption lacunae; the intensity of the extracellular immunoreactivity of cathepsin L was stronger than that of cathepsin B. However, the intracellular immunoreactivity of both cathepsins was weak compared with that of cathepsin D. The intracellular immunoreactivity of cathespin D in the osteoclasts was clearly observed in the granules and/or vacuoles, but extracellular cathepsin D immunoreactivity was either negligible or not detected along the resorption lacunae. In the adjacent sections stained with anti-cathepsin L or D, extensive extracellular deposition of cathepsin L was found along the bone resorption lacunae, with or without osteoclasts, although the intracellular reactivity of cathepsin L was weak. This is the first morphological study in which cathepsins B and L have been demonstrated to be produced in the osteoclasts and extensively secreted into resorption lacunae, and in which cathepsin D was found to be present in the cells but scantily secreted into the lacunae. These findings suggest that cathepsins B and L directly and effectively participate in the degradation of the bone matrix.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)411-414
Number of pages4
JournalHistochemistry
Volume99
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 1993

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Anatomy
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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