Background: LT is an elective treatment choice for children diagnosed with GSD1b that can improve their quality of life and stabilize their glucose intolerance. However, careful attention should be paid to immunosuppression after LT due to the susceptibility to infection because of neutropenia and neutrophil dysfunction in GSD1b patients. This study revealed the immunological features and complications in the early post-LT period. Methods: We compared findings between 11 (1.9%) children with GSD1b and 273 children with BA. Analyses using the PSM were performed to overcome selection bias. Results: Despite persistent low tacrolimus trough levels in GSD1b patients, none of these children developed TCMR within 1 month after LDLT (GSD1b: 0/11 [0%] vs. BA: 86/273 [31.5%], p =.038). This result was also confirmed in PSM. The incidence of bloodstream infections was higher in GSD1b patients than in BA patients in the early phase of the post-transplant period (GSD1b: 4/11 [36.4%] vs. BA: 33/273 [12.1%], p =.041), but not reach statistical significance in PSM. In a phenotypic analysis, the ratio of CD8+ T cells in GSD1b recipients' peripheral blood mononuclear cell samples was lower than in recipients with BA through the first month after LDLT. Conclusions: We found that GSD1b recipients were more likely to develop postoperative bloodstream infection than recipients with BA but did not experience TCMR despite low tacrolimus levels in the early post-LDLT period. A tailored immunosuppression protocol should be prepared for GSD1b recipients after LDLT.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health