Impact of high preoperative steroid doses on postoperative complications among patients on prolonged preoperative steroid therapy.

Tomohiro Iguchi, Ken Shirabe, Kentaro Inoue, Shuhei Ito, Takefumi Ohga, Tadahiro Nozoe, Takahiro Ezaki, Tomoharu Yoshizumi, Hideaki Uchiyama, Yuji Soejima, Toru Ikegami, Yo Ichi Yamashita, Hirofumi Kawanaka, Tetsuo Ikeda, Hiroshi Saeki, Masaru Morita, Yoshihiko Maehara

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Abstract

Corticosteroids are essential to maintain the organic homeostasis. Steroid, glucocorticoid or its synthetic analog is widely used for inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. Prolonged steroid therapy is reported to cause the susceptibility to infection, impaired wound healing and psychoneurosis, however whether the quantity of taking the preoperative steroid is associated the postoperative complication is still unknown. The aim of this study was to elucidate whether the steroid dose in patients on prolonged preoperative steroid therapy is associated postoperative morbidity and mortality. Twenty-five patients taking steroid for various illnesses and underwent the surgery under general anesthesia were selected in this study. The mean +/- standard deviation and the median of the steroid dose converted into hydrocortisone (mg/day) were 39.2 +/- 31.0 and 20, respectively. Of 25 cases, postoperative complications were seen in 10 cases. The postoperative complication was severe based on the grade of Clavien and Dindo by ANOVA as the doses of taking steroid increased (p = 0.0171). The grave postoperative complication classified as Clavien and Dindo grade III occurred with 100% sensitivity and 87% specificity for the steroid dose converted into hydrocortisone > 80 mg/day. Preoperative taking the large amount of steroid (> 80 mg/day) could cause a grave complication. More careful selection of the operative procedure might improve the mobidity rate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)499-506
Number of pages8
JournalFukuoka igaku zasshi = Hukuoka acta medica
Volume104
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2013

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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