Impact of intra-abdominal absorbable sutures on surgical site infection in gastrointestinal and hepato-biliary-pancreatic surgery: results of a multicenter, randomized, prospective, phase II clinical trial

Yoshihiko Maehara, Ken Shirabe, Shunji Kohnoe, Yasunori Emi, Eiji Oki, Yoshihiro Kakeji, Hideo Baba, Masataka Ikeda, Michiya Kobayashi, Tadatoshi Takayama, Shoji Natsugoe, Masashi Haraguchi, Kazuhiro Yoshida, Masanori Terashima, Mitsuru Sasako, Hiroki Yamaue, Norihiro Kokudo, Katsuhiko Uesaka, Shinji Uemoto, Tomoo KosugeYoshiki Sawa, Mitsuo Shimada, Yuichiro Doki, Masakazu Yamamoto, Akinobu Taketomi, Masahiro Takeuchi, Kouhei Akazawa, Takeharu Yamanaka, Mototsugu Shimokawa

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The use of absorbable sutures in wound closure has been shown to reduce the incidence of surgical site infection (SSI); however, there is no evidence that the intra-abdominal use of absorbable rather than silk sutures reduces the incidence of SSI after gastrointestinal surgery. We report the findings of a phase II trial, designed to evaluate the impact of the intra-abdominal use of absorbable sutures on the incidence of SSI. Methods: At 19 Japanese hospitals, 1147 patients undergoing elective gastrectomy, colorectal surgery, hepatectomy, or pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) were randomly assigned to absorbable or silk intra-abdominal suture groups. The primary efficacy endpoint was the incidence of SSI. The secondary efficacy endpoints were the locations of SSI, time to resolution of SSI, length of hospital stay, and the incidence of bile leakage in hepatectomy and pancreatic fistula. Results: The incidence of SSI was 11.3%, 15.5%, 11.3%, and 36.9% after gastrectomy, colorectal surgery, hepatectomy, and PD, respectively. The incidence of SSI was higher in the absorbable suture group than in the silk suture group for all the surgical procedures, but the difference was not significant. Conclusion: The intra-abdominal use of absorbable sutures did not have enough of an effect on the reduction of SSI in this phase II trial to justify the planning of a large-scale phase III trial.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1060-1071
Number of pages12
JournalSurgery today
Volume47
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2017

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery

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