Impact of Isahaya dike construction on DO concentration in the Ariake Sea

Soichi Yamaguchi, Yuichi Hayami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the Ariake Sea, dike construction in Isahaya Bay in 1997 for reclamation and disaster prevention was thought to cause big anthropogenic impacts on the marine ecosystem. Currently, hypoxia or anoxia occurs every summer in Isahaya Bay and the inner Ariake Sea. However, the effects of the dike construction on the DO concentration are unclarified. The present study evaluated the impact of the dike construction on the DO concentration by applying a numerical ecosystem model. The present calculation showed that the dike construction could affect the DO concentration in summer in a wider area than reported before in the steady state with a neap-spring tidal cycle. In Isahaya Bay, the dike construction caused a decrease of DO concentration greater than 2.0 mg l−1 , due to the decrease in DO supply from the vertical diffusion process with reduction of tidal current and the intensification of the density stratification. The dike construction also affected the DO concentration in the inner Ariake Sea by decreasing the DO concentration of the water transported by the estuarine circulation and the reduction of the diffusive supply of oxygen vertically with stratification enhanced by the dike construction. For the first time, this study showed with numerical simulation that the dike construction could affect the DO concentration in a wide area of the Ariake Sea.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)565-586
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Oceanography
Volume74
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2018

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dike
stratification
sea
tidal cycle
anoxia
summer
hypoxia
tidal current
marine ecosystem
oxygen
ecosystem
simulation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oceanography

Cite this

Impact of Isahaya dike construction on DO concentration in the Ariake Sea. / Yamaguchi, Soichi; Hayami, Yuichi.

In: Journal of Oceanography, Vol. 74, No. 6, 01.12.2018, p. 565-586.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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