Impact of PSCA polymorphisms on the risk of duodenal ulcer

Yoshiaki Usui, Keitaro Matsuo, Isao Oze, Tomotaka Ugai, Yuriko Koyanagi, Yoshinobu Maeda, Hidemi Ito, Asahi Hishida, Kenji Takeuchi, Takashi Tamura, Mineko Tsukamoto, Yuka Kadomatsu, Megumi Hara, Yuichiro Nishida, Ippei Shimoshikiryo, Toshiro Takezaki, Etsuko Ozaki, Daisuke Matsui, Isao Watanabe, Sadao SuzukiMiki Watanabe, Hiroko Nakagawa-Senda, Haruo Mikami, Yohko Nakamura, Kokichi Arisawa, Hirokazu Uemura, Kiyonori Kuriki, Naoyuki Takashima, Aya Kadota, Hiroaki Ikezaki, Masayuki Murata, Masahiro Nakatochi, Yukihide Momozawa, Michiaki Kubo, Kenji Wakai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: While duodenal ulcer (DU) and gastric cancer (GC) are both H. pylori infection-related diseases, individuals withDU are known to have lower risk for GC. Many epidemiological studies have identified the PSCA rs2294008 T-allele as a risk factor of GC, while others have found an association between the rs2294008 C-allele and risk of DU and gastric ulcer (GU). Following these initial reports, however, few studies have since validated these associations. Here, we aimed to validate the association between variations in PSCA and the risk of DU=GU and evaluate its interaction with environmental factors in a Japanese population. Methods: Six PSCA SNPs were genotyped in 584 DU cases, 925 GU cases, and 8,105 controls from the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort (J-MICC). Unconditional logistic regression models were applied to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the association between the SNPs and risk of DU=GU. Results: PSCA rs2294008 C-allele was associated with per allele OR of 1.34 (95% CI, 1.18-1.51; P = 2.28 × 10-6) for the risk of DU. This association was independent of age, sex, study site, smoking habit, drinking habit, and H. pylori status. On the other hand, we did not observe an association between the risk of GU and PSCA SNPs. Conclusions: Our study confirms an association between the PSCA rs2294008 C-allele and the risk of DU in a Japanese population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-20
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of epidemiology
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Epidemiology

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