Impact of tumor size, number of tumors and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio in liver transplantation for recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma

Tomoharu Yoshizumi, Toru Ikegami, Shohei Yoshiya, Takashi Motomura, Yohei Mano, Jun Muto, Tetsuo Ikeda, Yuji Soejima, Ken Shirabe, Yoshihiko Maehara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is primarily treated with hepatic resection and/or locoregional therapy. When HCC recurs and further treatment is no longer possible owing to poor liver function, liver transplantation (LT) or living-donor LT (LDLT) is considered. The aim of this study was to clarify risk factors for tumor recurrence after LDLT in patients with recurrent HCC. Methods: The study comprised 104 patients who had undergone LDLT because of end-stage liver disease with recurrent HCC. The recurrence-free survival rates after the LDLT were calculated. Risk factors for tumor recurrence were identified. Results: The 1-, 3- and 5-year recurrence-free survival rates were 89.6%, 80.3% and 78.4%, respectively. By univariate analysis, the factors affecting recurrence-free survival were the sum of the largest tumor size and number of tumors of 8 or more (P<0.0001), des-γ-carboxy prothrombin of more than 300mAU/mL (P = 0.0001), and a neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) of 4 or more (P = 0.0002), α-fetoprotein of more than 400ng/mL (P = 0.0001) and bilobar tumor distribution (P = 0.046). A multivariate analysis identified independent risk factors for post-LDLT tumor recurrence including the sum of tumor size and number of tumors of 8 or more (P = 0.0004) and an NLR of 4 or more (P = 0.01). The 1- and 3- year recurrence-free survival rates in the recipients who had both risk factors were 30.0% and 15.0%, respectively. Conclusion: LDLT should not be performed for patients who have both independent risk factors after any treatments for HCC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)709-716
Number of pages8
JournalHepatology Research
Volume43
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hepatology
  • Infectious Diseases

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Impact of tumor size, number of tumors and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio in liver transplantation for recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Yoshizumi, T., Ikegami, T., Yoshiya, S., Motomura, T., Mano, Y., Muto, J., Ikeda, T., Soejima, Y., Shirabe, K., & Maehara, Y. (2013). Impact of tumor size, number of tumors and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio in liver transplantation for recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma. Hepatology Research, 43(7), 709-716. https://doi.org/10.1111/hepr.12016