We have investigated the effects of plasma fluctuation on the growth of nanoparticles in capacitively-coupled rf discharges with amplitude modulation (AM). Nanoparticles grow more slowly for higher AM levels, which causes the density of nanoparticles to increase by 100% and their size to decrease by 23%. The increase in the number of radicals for nucleation and nanoparticles by AM is thought to cause a decrease in the radical flux for a nanoparticle because the rate of increase in the number of radicals is smaller than that of nanoparticles. Therefore, this causes the generation of a large amount of nanoparticles with small sizes.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)