Impairment of endothelial nitric oxide production by acute glucose overload

C. Kimura, M. Oike, T. Koyama, Y. Ito

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Abstract

We examined the effects of acute glucose overload (pretreatment for 3 h with 23 mM D-glucose) on the cellular productivity of nitric oxide (NO) in bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAEC). We had previously reported (Kimura C, Oike M, and Ito Y. Circ Res, 82: 677-685, 1998) that glucose overload impairs Ca2+ mobilization due to an accumulation of superoxide anions (O2-) in BAEC. In control cells, ATP induced an increase in NO production, assessed by diaminofluorescein 2 (DAF-2), an NO-sensitive fluorescent dye, mainly due to Ca2+ entry. In contrast, ATP-induced increase in DAF-2 fluorescence was impaired by glucose overload, which was restored by superoxide dismutase, but not by catalase or deferoxamine. Furthermore, pyrogallol, an O2- donor, also attenuated ATP-induced increase in DAF-2 fluorescence. In contrast, a nonspecific intracellular Ca2+ concentration increase induced by the Ca2+ ionophore A-23187, which depletes the intracellular store sites, elevated DAF-2 fluorescence in both control and high D-glucose-treated cells in Ca2+-free solution. These results indicate that glucose overload impairs NO production by the O2--mediated attenuation of Ca2+ entry.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E171-E178
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume280
Issue number1 43-1
Publication statusPublished - Jun 11 2001

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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