The chromosomal translocation t(11;22)(q24;q12) yields the EWS-Fli1 fusion gene, which contributes to the development of Ewing Family Tumors (EFTs). Previous studies have shown the ability of EWS-Fli1 chimeric protein to silence p53 activity. Here we demonstrate that the introduction of EWS-Fli1 significantly inhibited p300-mediated acetylation of p53 at Lys-382 and depletion of EWS-Fli1 protein by small interfering RNAs (siRNA) in EFTs cells facilitated it in response to DNA damage. Furthermore, the deacetylation of p53 by EWS-Fli1 suppressed its transcriptional activity and enhanced mdm2-mediated p53 degradation. On the other hand, immunoprecipitation study shows that N-terminal region of EWS-Fli1 associated with histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1) to forms a complex with p53.Knockdown of HDAC1, but not HDAC2 or HDAC3 protein restored the expression of p53 Lys-382 in EFTs cells. Overexpression of HDAC1 also significantly inhibited p53 transcriptional activity. Pharmacologic inhibitor of HDAC, trichostatin A (TSA) promoted p53-p300 interaction and recruitment of p53 Lys-382 to promoter regions of its target genes p21 and Puma, consequently inducing apoptosis and stabilizing the acetylation of p53 at Lys-382 together with the upregulation of p21 and Puma, which were impaired in EFTs cells after the knockdown of p53 expression. Our data indicate EWS-Fli1 might deacetylate p53 to inhibit its transcriptional function and protein stability via the recruitment of HDAC1. These results might elucidate a novel molecular mechanism about the abrogation of p53 pathway by EWS-Fli1 in EFTs pathogenesis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research