Implantation driven permeation behavior of deuterium through pure tungsten

Hirofumi Nakamura, Takumi Hayashi, Masataka Nishi, Makoto Arita, Kenji Okuno

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Abstract

Implantation driven permeation behavior of deuterium through pure tungsten has been investigated to estimate the amount of tritium permeation through its barrier in a thermo-nuclear fusion device. The permeation experiments were performed on pure tungsten foil of 25 μm thickness under conditions of incident flux of 1.9 × 1018-1.1 × 1019 D+/m2s, incident ion energy of 200-2000 eV, and specimen temperature of 512-660 K. As a result of this steady-state permeation experiment, the rate-determining process of deuterium permeation was found to be controlled by diffusion at both implanted and permeated sides. On the other hand, transient permeation was strongly affected by trap effect in the specimen. Simulation analysis using TMAP code on transient permeation behavior indicates the existence of a trap site with a trap energy of nearly 1eV and with a trap density of over several ten's ppm in tungsten.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)513-520
Number of pages8
JournalFusion Engineering and Design
Volume55
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2001
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering

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