Implicit Transfer of Reversed Temporal Structure in Visuomotor Sequence Learning

Kanji Tanaka, Katsumi Watanabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Some spatio-temporal structures are easier to transfer implicitly in sequential learning. In this study, we investigated whether the consistent reversal of triads of learned components would support the implicit transfer of their temporal structure in visuomotor sequence learning. A triad comprised three sequential button presses ([1][2][3]) and seven consecutive triads comprised a sequence. Participants learned sequences by trial and error, until they could complete it 20 times without error. Then, they learned another sequence, in which each triad was reversed ([3][2][1]), partially reversed ([2][1][3]), or switched so as not to overlap with the other conditions ([2][3][1] or [3][1][2]). Even when the participants did not notice the alternation rule, the consistent reversal of the temporal structure of each triad led to better implicit transfer; this was confirmed in a subsequent experiment. These results suggest that the implicit transfer of the temporal structure of a learned sequence can be influenced by both the structure and consistency of the change.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)565-579
Number of pages15
JournalCognitive Science
Volume38
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Learning
Experiments

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Artificial Intelligence

Cite this

Implicit Transfer of Reversed Temporal Structure in Visuomotor Sequence Learning. / Tanaka, Kanji; Watanabe, Katsumi.

In: Cognitive Science, Vol. 38, No. 3, 01.01.2014, p. 565-579.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{1c07704ab85c45f39cd49dbe2b250b2b,
title = "Implicit Transfer of Reversed Temporal Structure in Visuomotor Sequence Learning",
abstract = "Some spatio-temporal structures are easier to transfer implicitly in sequential learning. In this study, we investigated whether the consistent reversal of triads of learned components would support the implicit transfer of their temporal structure in visuomotor sequence learning. A triad comprised three sequential button presses ([1][2][3]) and seven consecutive triads comprised a sequence. Participants learned sequences by trial and error, until they could complete it 20 times without error. Then, they learned another sequence, in which each triad was reversed ([3][2][1]), partially reversed ([2][1][3]), or switched so as not to overlap with the other conditions ([2][3][1] or [3][1][2]). Even when the participants did not notice the alternation rule, the consistent reversal of the temporal structure of each triad led to better implicit transfer; this was confirmed in a subsequent experiment. These results suggest that the implicit transfer of the temporal structure of a learned sequence can be influenced by both the structure and consistency of the change.",
author = "Kanji Tanaka and Katsumi Watanabe",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/cogs.12098",
language = "English",
volume = "38",
pages = "565--579",
journal = "Cognitive Science",
issn = "0364-0213",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Implicit Transfer of Reversed Temporal Structure in Visuomotor Sequence Learning

AU - Tanaka, Kanji

AU - Watanabe, Katsumi

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - Some spatio-temporal structures are easier to transfer implicitly in sequential learning. In this study, we investigated whether the consistent reversal of triads of learned components would support the implicit transfer of their temporal structure in visuomotor sequence learning. A triad comprised three sequential button presses ([1][2][3]) and seven consecutive triads comprised a sequence. Participants learned sequences by trial and error, until they could complete it 20 times without error. Then, they learned another sequence, in which each triad was reversed ([3][2][1]), partially reversed ([2][1][3]), or switched so as not to overlap with the other conditions ([2][3][1] or [3][1][2]). Even when the participants did not notice the alternation rule, the consistent reversal of the temporal structure of each triad led to better implicit transfer; this was confirmed in a subsequent experiment. These results suggest that the implicit transfer of the temporal structure of a learned sequence can be influenced by both the structure and consistency of the change.

AB - Some spatio-temporal structures are easier to transfer implicitly in sequential learning. In this study, we investigated whether the consistent reversal of triads of learned components would support the implicit transfer of their temporal structure in visuomotor sequence learning. A triad comprised three sequential button presses ([1][2][3]) and seven consecutive triads comprised a sequence. Participants learned sequences by trial and error, until they could complete it 20 times without error. Then, they learned another sequence, in which each triad was reversed ([3][2][1]), partially reversed ([2][1][3]), or switched so as not to overlap with the other conditions ([2][3][1] or [3][1][2]). Even when the participants did not notice the alternation rule, the consistent reversal of the temporal structure of each triad led to better implicit transfer; this was confirmed in a subsequent experiment. These results suggest that the implicit transfer of the temporal structure of a learned sequence can be influenced by both the structure and consistency of the change.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84898786424&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84898786424&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/cogs.12098

DO - 10.1111/cogs.12098

M3 - Article

C2 - 24215394

AN - SCOPUS:84898786424

VL - 38

SP - 565

EP - 579

JO - Cognitive Science

JF - Cognitive Science

SN - 0364-0213

IS - 3

ER -